Following the path of the jaguar in the Mamoní Valley Preserve, Panama.
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Jaguars in jeopardy
Why the Tropical Montane Cloud Forest?
For more than four decades, the Tropical Montane Cloud Forests (TMCFs) in many parts of the world have rapidly become converted and drastically fragmented. In the early 1990s, TMCFs were high on the list of the world’s most threatened terrestrial ecosystems. To date, these rare ecosystems occupy about 1.4% of the world’s tropical forest area or 0.14% of the entire land surface of the planet.
The most recognizable and defining feature of a TMCF is the cloud cover that offers unique climate conditions. The rainfall is often heavy, and persistent condensation occurs due to cooling of moisture-laden air currents deflected upward by the mountains.
TMCFs are home to an incredible number of plant and animal species with high rates of endemism. Unfortunately, they are extremely vulnerable to a host of anthropogenic pressures (i.e., logging, grazing and hunting). Research suggests that the timing, strength, and frequency of cloud cover is fluctuating due to climate change (rising temperatures).
The TMCF is at its highest point along the Caribbean coast in east tropical Panama (including Mamoní Valley Preserve), found on mountainsides between 500 and 1,000 m (1,650 to 3,300 feet). 
  1. Rainforest Conservation
    Rainforest Conservation
    Cloud forest is a treasure trove of endemic diversity and it maintains hydrological cycles. Kaminando aims to protect the connectivity of the forest and the persistence of wildlife corridors.